Archive for February, 2013

02.22
13

Asean’s Evolution In Disaster Management.

by como ·

A new milestone has been reached by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the evolution of disaster management for the region. Recently, the Philippines Senate ratified the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER), and with that the agreement is expected to enter into force by the end of 2009. The ratification marks a significant highlight in ASEANs collective efforts to build a disaster-resilient community by the year 2015. The agreement binds ASEAN member states into legal responsibilities to promote regional cooperation and collaboration in reducing disaster losses and intensifying joint emergency response to disasters in the ASEAN region.

Margareta Wahlstrm, the UN Secretary-Generals Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction described the agreement as the first of its kind in the world, an agreement that oblige Asian states together to address disaster risk reduction and improve their preparedness for response. It also provides for the establishment of an ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) to undertake operational coordination of activities under the Agreement. Since the signing of the AADMER agreement in 2005, ASEAN has put into place measures for standard operating procedures, training and capacity building, disaster information sharing, communication network, and rapid assessment team. Cyclone Nargis which affected Myanmar last year became a test bed for ASEAN coordinating mechanism and its role as the humanitarian bridge between the international community and the affected population.(i)

The ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) was established
in 2003. Its formation elevated the institutional mechanism which has existed since the 1970s and comprised of experts group. The ACDM consists of heads of national agencies responsible for disaster management of ASEAN member countries. With the objective of having disaster-resilient nations and safer communities, ACDM developed an ASEAN Regional Programme on Disaster Management (ARPDM) which provided the framework for cooperation for the period 2004-2010. This regional programme consequently became the platform for cooperation and collaboration with ASEAN Dialogue Partners and relevant international organizations. Its regional strategy on disaster management identified priorities encompassing response action plan, capacity building, information sharing and communication network, partnership with pertinent stakeholders, funding support, and generating public awareness including activities for disaster risk reduction. The programme , launched in May 2004 became the structure for concerted regional cooperation in disaster management in the ASEAN region fitting in well with the regional strategy for disaster reduction.(ii)

In the aftermath of the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, ASEAN leaders held a special meeting to strengthen measures for emergency relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction and prevention. The meeting adopted a declaration of action in these areas notably of mobilizing the international community to support national relief emergency programme. Of significance was the call for the development of a regional instrument on disaster management and emergency response, the establishment of tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean and the Southeast Asian region, and implementation of preventive measures including public awareness and capacity building. (iii)

An interesting feature in ASEANs evolution of disaster management was the tacit acceptance by member states for the utilization of military together with civilian personnel in disaster relief. The establishment of a centre to coordinate regional disaster response was also agreed upon and is now ongoing.

The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) which was signed by the member countries in July 2005 in Vientiane, Lao PDR, established the mechanisms for achieving substantial disaster risks reduction and emergency response. A salient feature of this accord is that the agreed framework for disaster risk reduction is based on the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005 -2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.

ASEAN conducts annual disaster simulation exercises to enhance the
capacities and capabilities of member countries in joint disaster management operations. These simulation exercises organized in conjunction with contingency planning workshops facilitated the implementation of the AADMER and also the development of the ASEAN Standby Arrangements and Standard Procedures (SASOP) for regional disaster management. (iv)

The logical progression in its evolution apparently is broadening regional cooperation in disaster management and this is borne in the agenda of the fourth East Asia Summit (EAS) held in Hua Hin, Thailand.

References:-
(i) Press Release. ASEAN Disaster Management Agreement to Enter into Force by End of 2009. ASEAN Secretariat, 16 September 2009.
(ii) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response.
(iii) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN Standby Arrangements for
Disaster Relief and Emergency Response
(iv) Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN Disaster News Watch. 6 September 2006. ASEAN to test regional emergency response and humanitarian assistance capacities in a simulated flood disaster in Cambodia.

Note: The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is composed of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam.

02.21
13

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by como ·

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02.20
13

Elss Secret Of Tax Saving With Mutual Fund Investments.

by como ·

As the name suggests ELSS (equity linked savings scheme), invests primarily in equity shares of companies. As per financial regulations, the scheme Fund manager has to invest 80% of the total amount in the equity shares and the remaining 20% per cent can be invested in other instruments like bonds, debentures, government securities and others. When you invest in ELSS your money is locked for a period of three years (minimum). Once you invest in tax saver funds you cannot withdraw the amount for three years, this acts as a blessing in disguise as tax saving funds generally yield high returns during a 3year period. The common man is basically afraid of investing his money in equity shares as he is afraid of loosing money. But a look at the recent past shows that investors who have invested in tax saver funds have never lost out on their money, rather tax saver funds have been the front runners in terms of returns to investors. A small illustration will clarify comprehensions.

If you make an investment of Rs 1,00,000/ ( 1 lac), then under section 80c this complete amount is deducted from your gross income for that particular year. If your annual income puts you in the highest tax paying zone, i.e -34%, then the investment of Rs 1,00,000/ will ensure that you get an annual tax deduction of Rs, 34,000/. So logically speaking you invest Rs 66,000/ considering the deduction. Assuming that the Mutual Fund declares an annual dividend of 10% then your total return on Rs 66,000 is [(10,000/66000)* 100] = 15.15%. This particular dividend earned is also tax-free, hence more profit. Another profitable venture out of this investment is that after a period of 3 years the capital gain that you obtain out of the investment is also tax-free. This is what makes ELSS the most attractive investment for those who have the appetite for moderate risk. However, prior to making an investment selecting a good fund house based on its reputation and track record is important. Elss are considered to be the best tax saving mutual funds in India.

ELSS is a good option to save tax and generate long term capital gains. These gains are obtained from the equity market only if you are investing in a long time horizon. Adding money in a disciplined manner creates a good corpus. The basic confusion that the average investor could have is that they consider Equity Mutual Funds and ELSS to be the same, which in true sense isnt correct. Normal equity funds could be purchased today and disposed off tomorrow. Incase of ELSS there is a compulsory 3 year lock in period. As per the rules related to long-term capital gains, profit from equity MFs after one year becomes tax-free. As per latest sources the top 5 ELSS schemes are 1) Principal Personal Tax-saver, 2) DSP ML Tax Saver Fund, 3) Taurus Libra Taxshield, 4) Lotus India Tax Plan, 5) Franklin India Tax Shield ( FIT). Going by the current volatile market trends and with the current fiscal year approaching an end, investing in a good ELSS fund is a clever option to save taxes.

02.17
13

Ethical Behaviour Risk Factors Lessons From Emilio Botin Abbey Santander 2009

by como ·

Some of the factors that increase the risk of unethical behaviour in organisations are illustrated by the high-profile legal case Chagger v Abbey National plc & Hopkins (2006), in which the Employment Tribunal made a finding of unlawful racial discrimination and (further to Emilio Botin Abbey Santander banking group’s refusal to comply with the Tribunal’s order to reinstate Mr Chagger) ordered Abbey Banco Santander share to pay Mr Chagger the record-breaking 2.8 million compensation for his loss. Abbey Santander share price (the UK bank soon to be re-branded as Santander banking group, and part of the global Emilio Botin Banco Santander Central Hispano Group – BSCH) dismissed Mr Chagger from his employment in 2006, giving a fair redundancy as the reason. However, Mr Chagger believed that the actual reason behind the termination of his employment was unfairness and race discrimination. Mr Chagger was of Indian origin. He worked for Emilio Botin Abbey Santander finance as a Trading Risk Controller, earning about 100,000 a year, and reporting into Nigel Hopkins.

Some ethical behaviour risk factors illustrated by Emilio Botin Abbey Santander 2009 clearly relate to the pursuit of personal goals; the Employment Tribunal found that Mr Hopkins personally desired Mr Chagger’s employment with Abbey Santander share price to be terminated, had pre-planned that Mr Chagger would be dismissed, and had used the compulsory redundancy process as a means to dismiss Mr Chagger, in an unfair and discriminatory manner.

One such factor increasing the risk of unethical behaviour is the amount of discretion an organisation allows its officers; the greater the discretion allowed, the greater the opportunity the officer has for acting in his personal interests. The Employment Tribunal found that the redundancy selection criteria Abbey Santander had permitted Mr Hopkins to apply in assessing and judging the two employees up for redundancy were highly subjective and un-measurable; they afforded Mr Hopkins a very wide discretion. The Employment Tribunal criticised Mr Hopkins for the way in which he had applied that discretion (i.e., for his own interests). As an example, Mr Hopkins had criticised and scored Mr Chagger lower for getting on with work and being self-reliant. The Employment Tribunal thought that other reasonable managers would consider such qualities to be valuable assets, considering Mr Chagger’s highly paid and highly responsible job, and praise and score him highly for. As a further example, during the redundancy process, Mr Hopkins had criticised Mr Chagger on numerous points that Mr Chagger had never been criticised for prior to the redundancy exercise. All the criticisms were inconsistent with previous company records of Mr Chagger’s performance. The Employment Tribunal ruled that the criticisms were unfair not legitimate.

Another such factor increasing the risk of unethical behaviour is the level of autonomy of decision-making and action an organisation allows its officers; the greater the level of autonomy, the greater the opportunity the officer has for acting in his personal interests. The Tribunal found that Mr Hopkins was entirely single-handedly able to advise Abbey’s management to dismiss one of the two Trading Risk Controllers that he managed (of which Mr Chagger was one), was entirely single-handedly able to make Mr Chagger an offer of voluntary redundancy (Mr Chagger refused the offer, and never was an equivalent offer ever made to the other Trading Risk Controller), was entirely single-handedly able to judge and score the two employees up for redundancy, and was entirely single-handedly able to lower Mr Chagger’s redundancy scores to guarantee that he would be the one who would be selected for dismissal.

A different type of factor also increasing the risk of unethical behaviour is the organisation’s focus; a focus on results rather than processes can imply that the ends justify the means. The UK statutory Code of Practice on Racial Policy in Employment provides organisations with guidance concerning good practices and processes. The Employment Tribunal found that Abbey Banco Santander had failed to comply with those processes. Abbey Grupo Santander had failed to comply with the statutory guidance regarding Equal Opportunity training. Mr Chagger had tried to resolve the issues of unfairness and race discrimination around his dismissal directly with Abbey Santander and Mr Hopkins, through the company’s grievance procedures. Santander Abbey had not provided any Equal Opportunity training to any of the managers it had assigned to decide on Mr Chagger’s issues. Not even one manager upheld Mr Chagger’s issues; his issues were simply dismissed out of hand. Emilio Botin Abbey Santander banking group had also failed to comply with the statutory guidance concerning monitoring procedures. The Tribunal found a multitude of monitoring failures (far too many to outline here), as well as the failures to give serious consideration to allegations of racial discrimination and to investigate them promptly.

In 2008, Emilio Botin Abbey Santander and Mr Hopkins appealed to the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) against the original Employment Tribunal’s ruling of racial discrimination; the EAT upheld the original Tribunal’s ruling that both Emilio Botin Abbey Santander and Mr Hopkins had racially discriminated against Mr Chagger. Emilio Botin Abbey Santander and Mr Hopkins had also appealed against the record-breaking 2.8 million compensation award; the EAT accepted Abbey Santander’s appeal on the compensation award and remitted it to the original Tribunal for reconsideration. In 2009, matters were escalated to the Court of Appeal (the second highest court in the UK). The Court’s List of Hearings showed that the case was heard on 7 and 8 July 2009. The Court’s records of the hearing were not available at the time of writing this article. The 11KBW set of barristers’ chambers, who represented Emilio Botin Abbey Santander and Mr Hopkins, had reported prior to the hearing that the it was to be about quantum only (i.e., compensation) and not about liability (i.e., not about the wrong committed of race discrimination). That would seem to suggest that the wrong of race discrimination committed by Emilio Botin Abbey Santander and Nigel Hopkins was finalised by the EAT when it upheld that Emilio Botin Abbey Santander and Mr Hopkins had racially discriminated against Mr Chagger, and that Mr Chagger had appealed against the EAT’s ruling to send the compensation award back to the Employment Tribunal stage for reconsideration.

02.16
13

Choosing The Correct Receipt Printer For Your Business

by como ·

So you need a receipt printer but are baffled by the different types and models out there? This article takes you through the different types and explains which type is suitable for which environments making your decision easy and informed.

There are 3 main types of receipt printer

Thermal receipt printer

Thermal printers are now the most popular choice of receipt printer as they are often the most reliable and easy to use as they do not require any ink or ribbons. The technology relies upon chemically treated paper that is sensitive to heat. The printer heats the paper via holes in the print head to create text and graphics. Thermal printers are also regarded as the fastest type of receipt printer printing up to 250mm second making them very suitable to fast turnover environments such as supermarkets and high street retail.

The one downside to thermal receipts, due to the technology, is that they fade in sunlight and can turn black and unreadable if subjected to heat. Thermal receipts are therefore unreliable for businesses that require their receipts to remain readable for long periods of time due to regulations. Dual colour can be obtained by some models at the higher end of the market with special paper but the results can be disappointing and the technology is rarely used at present.

Thermal receipt printers are generally recommended for high turnover/ general retail and hospitality front of house.

Impact printers

This type of printer generally requires a ribbon which holds the ink like a typewriter and uses an impact mechanism that stamps the characters through the ribbon onto the paper. Some printing devices can utilise paper that contain mcrocapsules of ink embedded into them that burst upon impact and therefore do not require ribbons. Impact printers are easy identifiable as they are considerably noisier that other types of printer and are generally considerably slower than thermal printers. Impact printers are commonly the type that offers models with a two and three ply paper or a second roll for audit purposes. In recent years and in most environments this type of printer has been superseded by thermal printers due to their speed and lack of a need for consumables other than paper.

In certain markets impact printers remain dominant as in the banking and gaming industries. Kitchens in retardants and pubs tend to use impact printers as the receipts can not be erased by the heat. Some industries such as banking and gaming have regulations regarding certain types of receipts and about the length of time receipts are required to remain readable. Ink based receipts last considerably longer than thermal receipts and is therefore used by these industries as standard. It is worth noting that ribbons come in different colours such as purple, black, red and dual red/black with the latter ribbon being used to highlight certain transactions types such as refunds in red.

Impact receipt printers are recommended for kitchens, banking, gaming, and low turnover retail and hospitality environments.

Inkjet receipt printers.

Inkjet printers are regarded as the successor to impact printers as they also use ink but they offer a superior printing quality. Most inkjet printers allow printing via ink cartridges in two colours with normally a mix of black, green, red and blue. Businesses spend a great deal of time and resources on brand recognition and using colour is a popular way of doing this. The technology can also be put to great use by printing colourful advertising or promotions on the receipt thus generating return visits from the customers.

In reality the take up of inkjet receipt printers has been minimal. This is thought to be due to a couple of reasons, firstly it is perceived that the changing of ink at the till point is tricky and time consuming and secondly the speed at which these printers operate is considered too slow for major retailers to adopt. Inkjet receipt printers do however offer the same longer lasting receipts as impact printers making them suitable for most business types.

Inkjet receipt printers are recommended for low turnover retail, banks and gaming industry.

Manufacturers. So what brand should I go for?

This market is well serviced by numerous manufacturers with a wealth of choice and price range. As with many markets there is a huge influx of far eastern models at rock bottom prices. As with most things that you purchase, you get what you pay for and it is worth noting that with the major manufacturers you tend to get better products that last longer and receive better support if something goes wrong. Remember if your receipt printer stops working you will find it very difficult to trade. General speaking the faster the transaction rate of your business the higher investment you should make in your choice of receipt printer.

Anything else?

Remember that the receipt printer you choose has to work with the software and hardware that you are going be using. Firstly check with the software supplier which brands and models the software supports. Also check that the printer you intend to buy has drivers for the operating system that you are going to be using. Lastly, ensure the printer has the right interface for the hardware that you are going to be using. Common interfaces are USB, Serial and parallel however Bluetooth and wireless are quickly gaining ground.

02.11
13

A Glimpse at Mobile Marketing

by como ·

If you ask people on the street what objects they cannot live without, majority will answer mobile phones or PDAs. In fact, even children and teenagers cannot spend a day without these gadgets and devises. Thus, if you are an advertiser, you should consider mobile marketing as part of your marketing campaign. As more and more individuals are spending a lot of time calling, sending text messages, and even reading their emails using their precious mobile devices, it is apparent that you should take advantage of this important medium. Below are some of the things you can do in your mobile advertising campaign.

Getting a short code is one of the things that will help people get more information about you, your company or your brand. In fact, even President Obama and Hilary Clinton made use of CSC (Common Short Code) as part of their mobile marketing campaign. There are two types of short code solutions, the dedicated short code and shared short code. Although the dedicated short code can provide you with more security, this can be quite expensive. Shared short code, on the other hand, is ideal for small to medium businesses because it provides you with appropriate solutions for a fraction of a cost. Whether you chose a dedicated or a shared CSC, the important thing is that you or your company has a mobile advertising address.

It is also important to note that the Internet and mobile phones are becoming closely integrated. Thus, it is important that you include a mobile marketing campaign that provides premium SMS projects and solutions, such as mobile web, delivery content schemes, mobile billing and many others. A lot of big businesses make use of these campaign strategies and mobile solutions in order to make things easier for their customers. This is also ideal for those who sell products or services to other businesses or companies.

Other mobile services that you might want to consider in your marketing campaign are SMS Voting, SMS Alerts, SMS Gateway, SMS Contests, SMS Classifieds and even mass SMS marketing. These solutions have actually been successfully used by leading companies as part of their marketing efforts for a long time now. As you probably know, the American Idol franchise also makes use of SMS voting as a way to encourage people to participate in their program. Companies can also use SMS Voting and other mobile solutions in conjunction with their other promotional or advertising campaigns.

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02.9
13

Payday Loans With Debit Card- Easy Loan With Flexibility Of Loan Repayment Duration

by como ·

Whenever you have any financial adversities, it is better for you to seek online for the best choice of loan available online. With few clicks away of mouse, it is so much flexible for you to take option of availing instant money in the form of loan. Now, payday loans with debit card are heavily offered online with low interest rates to assist many borrowers. If you are actually in need of fast cash then it is better to take option of these payday loans. Now, various loans are offered to assist many borrowers. So, whenever you have small financial adversities then it is better to visit our financial site.

Looking for getting urgent cash in the choice of loan? Here, we have introduced payday loans with debit card to help many borrowers. If you are going to avail these payday loans, you should follow few conditions which include- you must be a genuine citizen of US. You must attain above 18 years of age. You should have permanent job. And you should have a valid bank account in US. Once you meet these criteria then it offers flexibility of applying loan. To apply loan, you just need to download loan application form and fill it with your full details. After you fulfill the instant loan approval, the sanctioned amount of money is directly transferred into your bank account on the same day.

With the help of this financial advance, it is sure that you would gain of urgent cash in the range of $100 to $1500 bucks along with short-term loan repayment tenure. The loan amount taken via payday loans with debit card scheme is helpful to resolve small pending bills. It is helpful to resolve any unforeseen financial issues. This loan may be small but is helpful to fulfill small credit problems.

After you have gained of urgent cash then it is helpful to fight any small cash emergencies. The loan amount allows you to solve credit problems like paying off medical bills, telephone bills, wedding expenses and other small financial issues. Such sort of loan is totally free from credit verification procedure. Even if you have bad credit scores like CCJs, IVA, default or arrears, it offers flexibility of availing loan. Actually, payday loans with debit card are also a great financial help to improve your credit status. Overall, it is a wonderfully designed loan to help many borrowers.

02.7
13

Pressure Transducer Uses In The Oil And Gas Industry

by como ·

The world wide oil and gas industry uses many types of pressure transducer for measurement and control in processes, drilling and down hole tools. With the need to find oil in less accessible areas the systems used in exploration, drilling and production becomes ever more complex and the use of pressure transducer products is increasing.

A few applications for pressure transducer sensors are:

Drilling Tools
Various types of pressure transducer are used in downhole tools to monitor hydraulic pressure, and pipeline oil pressure. Often a high pressure transducer is required, with a high operating temperature range due to the extreme environment. The Omni series 10 and series 8 pressure transducer models offer ranges up to 1000 bar with operating temperatures up to 150 degrees C.

Wellheads
Wellhead assemblies and Christmas tree use a range of pressure transducer sensors to monitor wellhead pressure. Due to the hazardous area the pressure transducer has to be of intrinsically safe or explosion proof design. A pressure transducer used in this application also needs to be rugged and weatherproof. The Omni series 23EXD and 23IS pressure transducer types meet both of these requirements.

Intelligent Pigs
Subsea pipe lines are tested on a regular basis with an intelligent pig. The pig may be fitted with several pressure transducer types to monitor pipeline pressure, and hydraulic pressure. Also a differential pressure transducer may be used to measure the difference in pressure between the front and back of the pig. As these devices are usually battery powered it is important to select a pressure transducer with low power consumption. The Omni series 10 pressure transducer only draws around 1mA and is ideal for these applications.

Core Analysis
In core analysis an oil sample may be forced at high pressure through a section of rock core. A pressure transducer in this application needs to provide high accuracy measurement up to 10,000 PSI and be constructed of either hastelloy or monel to avoid corrosion of the diaphragm. The Omni series 23 and 25 pressure transducer meets this
requirement.

Subsea Hydraulic Manifolds
Subsea hydraulic packs are used for various control applications in offshore oil production. Subsea hydraulic packs may use up to 10 pressure transducer units. The pressure transducer has to be made to the smallest design, and be able to work with high external case pressures. In this instance the pressure transducer may have the external housing removed with the bare PCB exposed to the environment to reduce the profile, with oil filling used to stop any seawater ingress.

Drilling Mud Systems
It is often a requirement to use a pressure transducer in mud flow lines. In these applications a pressure transducer with a flush diaphragm is required. This is because with a normal pressure transducer the pressure port is only 3 mm diameter, and is prone to clogging with mud particles. The Omni series 25 pressure transducer have a G1/2 or G3/4 flush diaphragm and can be supplied in EXD or IS format for hazardous area use.

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02.6
13

Benefits Of Attending A Financial Planning Retirement Seminar

by como ·

Looking to attend a financial planning retirement seminar? What are the things to look out for? Here are some things to take note. Before attending such a seminar, do know what your expectations are and what the people organizing the seminar can deliver. Usually, part of the financial planning retirement seminar will include sales pitches on products propagated by the organisers.

There is nothing wrong with these, but you do have to be aware of what your own needs in terms of such financial services and products. Some topics that are be covered in such a seminar should include personal financial planning, retirement, savings and investment and other similar topics.

A certain number of retirement planning seminars have speakers suggesting the use of high-risk financial instruments so that (logically) higher investment returns can be achieved. The logic is, of course, with higher investment returns, you can secure a more comfortable retirement in future. All very well and good, but it is of utmost importance that you must first understand you own risk appetite and profile. You may want to talk to a professional and competent financial planner in this respect.

The old saying of “caveat emptor” (buyer beware) is a good description for this, even if just figuratively. The point to note is that in personal financial planning (and especially in the area of investment) it is wise not to get involved in anything that one has no clear and thorough understanding of. In fact, the financial planning retirement seminar is the avenue for you to better understand the type of financial instruments and investments that will help you retire comfortably. It is definitely not the place for you to lose your “sweat and blood” funds that are meant for your retirement. There is really no need to feel that you have to agree with everything the speaker says. Do remember that some speakers do have commercial objectives to be speaking at such seminars.

Ready to attend the seminar? Before that, start by asking yourself some questions on what you are trying to achieve. The questions can be along the line of ” how much should I save for retirement?”, “what kind of lifestyle do I want during retirement?”. These questions may seem basic, but they are important. They will help shape your expectations of what the retirement seminar can do for you.

For example, most financial planners will recommend that you will live on 60% – 80% of your present income. Whilst there are various reasons for this financial planning “rule of the thumb”, only you will know what you want. Nobody, except yourself, should decide. The fact remains, however, that you must be in a position to decide. In order to do that, you must have a personal financial plan in the first place. Hopefully, attending a financial planning retirement seminar will either start that plan or enhance your present one. This is all part of good personal financial planning.

02.5
13

Microsoft Office Test An Essential Pre-employment Testing Method

by como ·

Computers have turned out to be very important in every office, and computer technology happens to be more essential now than forever before. Software applications like Microsoft office could boost the efficiency of the employees and the whole business all together. Employees could make use of it to make a business plan, marketing material, a letterhead, a sales brochure, profit-loss ledger, and many more. This software application has reduced the pressure for many workers as it has permitted completion of everyday jobs in a more faster and accurate way. These days, Microsoft office has turned out to be more than just a benefit that an employee could finish. Its main role in retaining high output has made it an essential skill. Thus, if a job explanation requires use or even just few awareness with these applications, it is very essential to confirm that your job candidates has the talents necessary to carry out the work. One of the proven methods to objectively decide computer talents is to carry out a Microsoft office test.

Even though Microsoft has their own certification course, they generally charge heavy fees to persons. Office test for pre employment hiring reasons are accessible through skilled providers like Employment Skills online test. A Microsoft Office test is generally a multiple choice or an interactive test that would determine precisely what a prospective job aspirant knows and does not know. Interactive Microsoft office tests are generally simulation type where aspirants are asked to do specific tasks using menus, tool bars, shortcut keys, et cetera. These tests come as PowerPoint, Microsoft Word, FrontPage, Outlook and Excel exams.

You could choose one or else a combination of Microsoft Office tests, depending on your office’s requirements. They as well come in different versions; if your company presently uses the 2010, 2002 or 2007 versions, you could find a test that will best suit your present requirements. Microsoft Office Test as well come in different levels, generally in beginner, advanced or intermediate levels. You could choose from these stages depending on what is necessary by the job in sight. If the work needs preparation of business reports and proposals reports, you may want to perform not less than an intermediary level to higher level to guarantee high output.