Archive for January, 2014


GSAT Sample Questions Paper with Solution and PDF

by como ·

Samsung is the world’s largest Consumer electronics South Korean company with over 4 Lakh employees globally which was established in 1938 by Lee byun chull in Samsung Town, Seoul. It comprises affiliated businesses and numerous subsidiaries. Samsung industrial subsidiaries include Samsung Electronics, Samsung Engineering, Samsung Heavoy Industries and Samsung C&T.

To get a job in Samsung industry, Samsung Conducts GSAT i.e. Global Samsung Aptitude Test and students who clear this exam are called for Interview. GSAT consists of 50 Aptitude Questions which is to be covered in 1 hr. or 60 minutes.

Global Samsung Aptitude Test (GSAT) GSAT Sample Paper with Solution

Here some GSAT sample questions with answers are given in the following section. Remaining are attached with the PDF of GSAT Sample Paper.

Some Important GSAT Sample Questions with their solutions:-

1. Out of the following which supports error checking and error correction in data link layer

a) 802.2 LLC b) 802.3 CSMA/CD c) 802.4 Token Bus d) 802.5 Token Ring

Ans: a

2. Which of the following is not CDMA technology

a) DS-FH (Discrete spectrum-freq hoping) b) DS_FT C )DS- d) TDMA-FS.

Ans: d

3. A and B are two stations 330km apart. A train starts from A at 8pm. and travels toward B at 60kmph. Another train starts from B at 9pm. And travels towards A at 75 what time do they meet?

(a) 11am

(b) 12pm

(c) 11.30am

(d) 11.45am

Ans. a

4. Advantages of digital over analog signal:

a) noise immunity b) data security and integrity c) efficient transmission d) all of the above

Ans: d

5. If it costs x dollars for making certain item if quantity is 1000 and if quantity increase then the item is made using y dollars. If z number of items are made which are greater than 1000 then what is the total cost.

Ans: 1000(x-y) +yz

6. Problem on average ages given age of captain 25 and wicket keeper’s Age 3 years more than captain’s age. now the average of the remaining team is one less than the avg of whole team. what is the avg age of each.

Ans: 22

7. How many bits of IP address are required to make 8 subnets

a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4

Ans: 4 (as 000 and 111 0f 3 bits are not valid subnets so take 4 bits)

8. In 1.5 fixed format how is -1 represented

a)0xFFFF b)0xF000 c)08000 d)00001

Ans: a

9. what is the advantage of ADSL(asymmetric digital subscriber line) over modem?

Ans: It has normal uplink band width but higher down link bandwidth (something like that).

10. What will be the output?

#define Sqr(b) b*b; main( ) { int i=3; printf(-%d-,SQR(i+2); }

Ans: 11

To get more Solved Questions on GSAT must go through this article- GSAT Sample Questions Paper with Solution and PDF on . I hope it’ll be helpful for you.


Why Study Management

by como ·

You may be wondering why you need to study management. If you are an accounting major, a marketing major, or an major other than management, you may not understand how studying management may help you in your career. We can explain the value of studying management by looking at the universality of the management, the reality of work, and the rewards and challenges of being a manager.

The Universality of Management:
Just how universal is the need of management in organizations? We can say with certainty that management is needed in all types and sizes of organizations, at all organizational levels and in all organizational work areas, and in all organizations, no matter what country they are located in. This is known as the universality of management. Managers in all these settings will plan, organize, lead, and control. However this is not to say that management is done the same way. The differences in what a supervisor in a software applications testing facility at Microsoft does versus what the CEO of Microsoft does are a matter of degree and emphasis, not of function. Because both are managers, both will plan, organize, lead, and control, but how they do so will differ.

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Since management is universally needed in all organizations, we have a vested interest in improving the way organizations are managed. Why? we interact with organizations every single day of our lives. Does it frustrate you when you have to spend three hours in department of motor vehicles office to get your driver’s license renewed? Are you irritated when non of the sales persons in a department store seems interested to help you? Do you get annoyed when you call an airline three times and their sales representatives quote you three different prices for the same trip? Theses are all examples of problems created by poor management. Organizations that are well managed develop a loyal customer base, grow, and prosper. Those that are poorly managed find themselves with a declining customer base and reduced revenues. By studying management, you shall be able to recognize poor management and work to get it corrected. In addition, you shall be able to recognize good management and encourage it, whether it is in an organization with which you are simply interacting or whether it is in an organization in which you are employed.

The Reality of Work:
Another reason for studying management is the reality that for most of you, once you graduate from college and being you career, you will either manage or be managed. For those who plan on management careers, an understanding of the management process forms the foundation upon which to build your management skills. For those of you who don’t see your self in a management position, you are still likely to have work with managers. Assuming that you will have to work for a living and recognizing that you are very likely to work in an organization, you shall probably have some managerial responsibilities even if you are not a manager. Our experience tells us that you can gain a great deal of insight into the way your boss behaves and the internal workings of organizations by studying management. Our point is that you don’t have to aspire to be a manager to gain something valuable from a course in management.

Rewards and Challenges of Being a Manger:
We cannot leave our discussion of the value of studying management without looking at the rewards and challenges of being a manager. What does it mean to be a manager? Being a manager in today’s dynamic work place provides many challenge. It can be a tough and often thankless job. You may have to deal with a variety of personalities and many times have to make do with limited resources. It can be a challenge to motivate works in the face of uncertainty and chaos. And managers may find it difficult to effectively blend the knowledge, skills, ambitions, and experience of a divers group of employees. Finally, as a manager, you are not in full control of your destiny. Your success typically is dependant upon others, work performance.

Despite these challenges, being a manager can be very rewarding. You are responsible for creating a work environment in which organizational members can do their work to the best of their ability and help the organization achieve its goals. In addition, as a manager, you often have the opportunity to think creatively and use your imagination. You help gather find meaning and fulfillment in their work. You get to support, coach, and nurture others and help them make good decisions. You shall get to meet and work with a variety of people-both inside and outside the organizations. Other rewards of being a manger may include receiving recognition and status in the organization and in the community. Playing a role in influencing organizational out comes, and receiving attractive compensation in the form of salaries, bonus, and stock options. Finally, organizations need good managers. Nothing greater ever happens by it self! its through the combined efforts of motivated and passionate people that organizations accomplish their goals. As a manager, you can get satisfaction from knowing that your efforts, skills and abilities are needed. Author of this article also writes articles about cost and management accounting.

Rashid Javed is an Asian author. He writes about financial statement analysis, contribution margin, and Operating Leverage.

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Nagpur Promising City For Investment In India

by como ·

Nagpur, referred to as the ‘orange city’, is located in Maharashtra. It is a major city and contributes heavily to the state economy. In fact, it is known as the second capital of Maharashtra. It is emerging as the most promising location for investment in India. The infrastructure development is leading cause for Nagpur as an investment destination in India.

Many IT and IT related companies have established base in Nagpur. Great infrastructure coupled with skilled labor is the chief reason for Nagpur being held as a preferred destination. It fully satisfies the pre-requisites of the IT industry; i.e. power and connectivity. IT majors such as Wipro, Infosys, and HCL have already established their centers in Nagpur and many others are following suit. This industry offers great investment potential and growth prospects.

Nagpur also has many specialized and premier institutes. These top-notch institutes are the major reason why there is an abundance of professionals available in Nagpur. Foreign investors can also look at investing in the education sector owing to Nagpur’s excellent infrastructure. Also, the government has relaxed some FDI norms for investing which is an added stimulus to invest in this sector.

The real estate sector in Nagpur is going through a boom time. The MIHAN (Multi Modal International Hub and Airport for Nagpur) is a project that is going to boost the real estate sector further. The International Airport is also going to be set up as a part of the MIHAN project which will further boost the prospects of Nagpur.

MIHAN is also set to have an Information Technology Center, a captive power and a health center along with other manufacturing units. The infrastructure is supposed to be top notch and up to international standards. This project will transform the landscape of Nagpur. Thus, the real estate sector offers good prospects and potential for investment with more government initiatives such as these.

The transport industry is yet another area for foreign investment. To keep pace with the industrialization and establish Nagpur as a world-class city, the transport avenues are going to need up-grades. Hence, this sector has the potential for foreign investment and expertise.

The tourism industry is an area for investment, too. This sector has already garnered 120 million dollars. Nagpur has many popular tourist locations such as the Ambazari Lake, Balaji Mandir and the Sitabuldi Fort. Tourists visit Nagpur frequently, especially during the winter season. This is another major area one can look to invest in.

Agriculture is a significant contributor to the economy of Nagpur. Crops such as sugarcane, wheat, pulses, and cotton are grown here. Nagpur is especially famous for its oranges worldwide. Hence, the agricultural sector is also a great avenue for investment.

Owing to its strategic location, it can also be used as a multi-model trans-shipment center for agro and industrial commodities within India. It can also act as an international complex for cargo products.

Nagpur offers a plethora of options and foreign investors can look to invest in the above mentioned areas and avenues in Nagpur to reap multiple benefits.


An Overview Of The Heavy Machinery Industry

by como ·

The present day market is a highly competitive one and therefore companies need to devise new and innovative business strategies in order to continue making profits and to substantially increase their market share. For this reason, companies have now begun to shift their business focus from creating tangible products to developing a whole range of comprehensive products along with service designs. This explains the increasing importance of innovative services and this has become apparent over the years. However, little has been done for the management of these services. Heavy equipments are ones that are used mainly in the construction and manufacturing industry. These colossal equipments are difficult to transport, are capital intensive and have a long life cycle of use. This heavy industry machinery is extensively utilised by diverse industries including forestry, transportation, agriculture and construction.

These industries call for substantial investments in heavy equipments and thus getting a proper ROA or return on assets is necessary. Capital velocity is highly important in this respect. It is necessary to make provisions for such innovative services in order to ensure high level of performance and asset availability within a limit budget. Heavy equipments are usually customised and thus are difficult to manage and maintain. These equipments can be divided into different categories such as mining equipment and construction equipment. A working face, shovel, stacker and dumper is used for open pit mines whereas a drill, underground loaders and rigs are used for underground mines. Construction equipments comprise a long list including trenching equipment, piles driving equipment, wagon and trucks, excavating equipments such as clamshells, power shovels, hoes and cranes; draglines, scrapers and tractors.

There are different types of heavy equipment that are used for similar purposes and thus it would be difficult to make a generic classification. There are a number of factors that are taken into consideration while classifying these equipments and these include service facility, operating environment, revenue generation, core competency, life expectancy, service skills, subsystem, cost and weight.

Stakeholders play a crucial role in adding value to the customer through the supply chain. The list includes profiles such as that of manufacturers, service providers, designers, governments, contractors and suppliers.

Companies that use heavy equipment and heavy lifting services will obviously need the help of high investment in order to achieve an equally high ROA. Asset management is important in this respect. It is a proper and systematic approach adopted towards the maintenance and the upgrade of assets. Asset management comprises the activities and processes that are necessary for minimising the investment, maximising the commercial return, manage risks and optimise the strategic value. Asset management also includes every function right from operations to procurement, from engineering to maintenance. The latter is considered to be an integral function of asset management.

The business strategies implemented in the industry are a bit different from the other industries. It is a bit difficult for the heavy equipment industry to garner profits and improve their market position in the long run. Service development can increase the opportunities to a great extent thereby making more room for marketing opportunities.


Financial Engineering For Profitable Financial Instruments

by como ·

Many financial engineers opine that financial engineering involves a lot of creativity because the field is pioneering and innovating, furthermore, the evolution of cheaper, faster computers has greatly expanded the financial engineering field. It is also controversial and some believe that it increases an economys systemic risk instead of decreasing it. For example, financial engineering was largely responsible for the development and use of derivatives like credit default swaps mortgaged backed securities that were blamed for the financial debacle in 2007-08.
According to Zvo Bodie, Professor of Management at Boston University, financial engineering is the application of science based mathematical models to decisions about saving, investing, borrowing, lending and managing risk. It refers to the strategies used by the company to maximize profits or other important performance metrics, for example: creating derivatives that address unusual risks faced by a party to a transaction, structuring a purchase or sale in a way that better addresses the interests of buyer and seller, and using new methods to compute the fair market value of new or existing financial instruments. Financial Engineering is a multidisciplinary field involving business knowledge, financial knowledge, statistics, mathematics and computation. There are a few analytic options that apply to the products and markets, so F.Es must approximate all the time, and decide what complexities to ignore. Banks, Financial Institutions and Insurance companies hire financial engineers to design math models that lower financial risks and ensure better returns, financial engineers use modelling techniques such as simulations, convexity, duration, value at risk, linear programming and other quantitative techniques to determine future returns, loss scenarios etc. Financial engineers are well versed with topics such as calculus, statistics, along with finance, accounting and economics, they also have a strong background in risk management, modern portfolio theory, option theory along with their math and science backgrounds.
Differences between Mathematical Finance and Financial Engineering
Mathematical finance is a major part of computational finance and mainly uses arithmetic to find out solutions, however, financial engineering is concerned with solving financial problems using engineering principles, a financial engineer need to have a detailed awareness of financial economics and mathematical tools. Mathematical finance professionals mainly do the calculations on risk involved in a particular scenario; they measure risk using complex algorithms and data samples, they make use of engineering principles like mathematics, finance and computer models to make management decisions. A person who has detail knowledge on mathematical finance can work as mathematics modeller, financial statistician or quantitative analyst. Financial engineers are employed in Insurance companies, Banks, wealth management firms as analysts.
Actuarial Science Vs Financial Engineering
Both Actuaries and Financial Engineers work in financial services; Actuaries are the mathematical backbone of the insurance industry. Actuaries look at risk exposures, calculate probabilities, build and design insurance products and services. They are also tasked to hedge risk exposures using different types of financial instruments, there are different types of actuaries for example retirement benefits, enterprise risk, health, etc.
Financial engineers on the other hand work for hedge funds, banks or investment firms. They use their knowledge of finance to build different financial instruments For example: creating new types of option contracts. These instruments are then used by banks or hedge funds as risk management techniques or speculative devices, Financial Engineers apply concepts of typical engineering to the financial markets. Both actuaries and financial engineers require extensive talent in mathematics, especially on applied skills and both the fields require programming skills in C++ and C language.


The Workshops will Strengthen Employment and Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship Students

by como ·

Cospedal The Government has invested 207,000 euros in the two workshops Cabanillas, for 20 students with six months of training

Spain, May 14, 2013 – The Minister of Employment and the Economy of the Government of Castilla-La Mancha, Carmen Home, said that employment workshops and entrepreneurship that has launched the Government chaired by Mara Dolores Cospedal “are a gateway to the labor market from the point of view serve to self-employment and entrepreneurship consolidate all students. ”

This was said by the Minister during a visit to the town guadalajarea Cabanillas del Campo, where he met workshops Sustainable Rural Development Promotion developed there: Farming and Community Services in Cabanillas.

The workshops have a regional government financial aid of 207,000 euros, are targeted at 20 students and made part of a project manager and a teacher, to “get all the knowledge they are acquiring during collective training can materialize in the implementation of profitable business, with which contribute to the development of Castilla-La Mancha in general and Cabanillas del Campo and the region in particular. ”

Home stated that “after the six month duration of the courses, students will receive a professional certificate, with which they can ensure they are fully qualified to carry out their activities, or to start directly into employment as self-employed.”

Casero, accompanied by the Mayor of Cabanillas del Campo, Jaime Celada, the president of the Provincial Council of Guadalajara, Ana Guarino, and the regional government delegate in Guadalajara, Jos Luis County, has predicted that “the works of Inditex’s logistics center will his lungs. We hope that will be completed in early 2014 and, surely, help to generate around 500 jobs, thanks to the investment of 150 million euros that the multinational will take place in this county, “said.

In this regard, the Minister of Employment and the Economy has stated that “the hub of top international help has also many other companies that decide to settle around the multinational to boost the industrial sector across the province”

Finally, Home has reiterated that “to-day work as firmly the first time to ensure that each day there are more entrepreneurs that are committed to Castilla-La Mancha and, certainly, in that way will the Government as an ally Cospedal “.

Press Contact: Consejeria de Empleo y Economia Media Relations Consejeria de Empleo y Economia Address: Avda Ireland No 14 512-212-1139