Archive for the ‘Industry’ Category

05.9
14

Important Attributes Of A Food Industry Web Design

by como ·

This is a proven fact that website is the biggest and the most prominent representation of an organization. Target market measures the strength of an organizations corporate calibre by evaluating the quality and standard of its website. The importance of a web design has increased tremendously because it is now no more just a source of acquiring information but it also serves a platform for making sales.

This advancement has made it more important for web designs to be compelling in order to attract the target customers. With the start of online trade, it has become more essential and crucial for organizations to gain the trust of their customers and this requires transparency to be reflected through all activities taking place at website.

Food Industry is one of the most lucrative industries in the world. There is a lot of scope to excel and its target market is huge. Whether someone owns a restaurant or is a retailer for food items, an appropriate web design can do wonders for his/her business. Do you know what this appropriate web design refers to? What are those attributes that must be part of a food industry website? If not then this article will surely be worth reading.

Unique Representation

As discussed earlier that web design is surely a representation of an organization but it can only boost the business if it is unique and captivating. Almost every organization holds similar targets to be achieved through their website but then why only few of the organizations are able to reap its benefits? Have you ever pondered over this point? The simplest answer is their different and innovative approach. Their web design and its content magnify the importance of their products or services for their target audience which brings them more and more customers.

There are organizations which use images that are there for ages and people have already seen them at one place or the other. This affects the quality of their web design but reputed organizations place innovative and creative images of fruits, vegetables or other food items to help attract and entice their target market.

Highlight Your Business Vision

Your business vision is not just a statement to be written or mentioned at your website rather it is the driving force for your growth and prosperity. Successful organizations streamline their work processes and strategies in light of their vision and goals. Thus, vision must not be restricted to only two to three lines at the website. It must be elaborated to let customers get an authentic image of an organizations corporate stature.

Suppose your business vision is to ensure hygiene in all your products and you have also adopted such procedures that help you accomplish your vision then this must be highlighted at your web design. This will provide your customers with a confidence that they have chosen a brand that ensures health and cares for them. Thus, youll be able to gain the trust of your customers with ease.
Food is all about temptation and enticement therefore a food industry web design should be able to induce both these emotions.

04.26
14

Hairdressing Industry And Its Governing Bodies

by como ·

The hairdressing industry as various governing bodies intended to protect the client and the hair salon

NHF
National Hairdressers’ Federation (NHF) provides salon members with help and information for the hair industry currently has over 6,000 members, which includes small and medium salons that include hair and beauty salons, and Independent Chair Renters.

The NHF works on behalf of its members to raise the professionalism and commitment to the hair and beauty industry. Members have access to a range of benefits, including services, products, advice and information that help them to develop their business, including access to a free legal helpline, salon insurance, discounted rates on PPL Licences. It helps its member through representation legal and employement advice.

If a salon displays it’s a member of the NHF this does mean it better than another salon down the road. Although it should be noted that the hair salon itself takes its business and contractual arrangements seriously.

AHT
Association of Hairdressers and Therapists, founded in 1963 by a group of hairdressing teachers as a like minded national network of specialists who exchange good practice and support. This organisations members are more made up from the educational sector of hairdressing. Ranging from lecturers, teachers and assessors who hold relevent teaching qualifications or are working toward achieving those qualifications. The AHT holds National Training initatives, events and specialist demonstrations across its network.

HABIA
In 1986, the Hairdressing Training Board (HTB) was formed with the objective of working with employers, educators and government to design and implement training and education programmes for the hairdressing industry.

Habia is the government appointed standards setting body for hair, beauty, nails, spa therapy, barbering and African type hair, and creates the standards that form the basis of all qualifications including NVQs, SVQs, Apprenticeships, Diplomas and Foundation degrees, as well as industry codes of practice.

In 1997, HTB, HTB Scotland, and the Beauty Industry Authority (BIA) formed the Hairdressing and Beauty Industry Authority (HABIA) to include the beauty therapy industry within its remit. Habia was formally launched by Dr Kim Howells, then Minister for Lifelong Learning, at that year’s Salon International exhibition.

By 2001, the organisation was being referred to by its initials, HABIA, and by the end of 2004 the decision was made to officially make the company name Habia. By this time, nail services and spa therapy had been added to Habia’s remit.

Habia was officially recognised by the government as a National Training Organisation (NTO) until these were abolished in 2001. Currently, Habia is recognised by the government as the Standards Setting Body for the hair, beauty, nails and spa sectors (including barbering and African Caribbean hair). The core responsibilities for Standards Setting Bodies include sector research and information, national occupational standards, qualifications strategy and learning frameworks. A central point of contact for information, Habia provides guidance on careers, business development, legislation, salon safety and equal opportunities, and is responsible to government on industry issues such as education and skills.

Habia raises the profile of its industries through the press and media, and is the first port of call for news organisations and broadcasters on news items and background information.

Habia also delivers solutions direct to:
salons to help them understand complex legislation such as health & safety and employment law, improve client retention and raise business performance;
employees to gain the skills that employers need to stay up to date with client demand and the latest techniques, equipment and products, as well as where to go to access learning and suitable qualifications;
trainers – to deliver qualifications with training support manuals, and to create successful teaching programmes including induction and initial assessment;
learners – by offering books and teaching guides directly related to their studies, and by providing advice on career paths and qualifications.

HABIA is very similar to the NHF in its support for salons and individuals.

The Future For Hair Associations
State registration is looking like a possible requirement for hair salons moving forward to promote best practice and tidy up the industry

04.14
14

Replica Industry Reviews

by como ·

The replica industry has been around for a long time. Depending on if you have the know-how, this industry can actually be a very profitable one. It is illegal to sell replicas as if they are the real brands in most developed countries. However, if you are honest about what you are selling, and do not copy the brand name exactly, the replica industry is perfectly legal and legitimate. It is also one of the few industries that is recession-proof. The replica watch industry actually recorded an increase in profit during the recession, since most people could no longer afford designer accessories, yet still wanted to maintain their lifestyle.

Some replicas are very poorly made. If you decide to invest in replicas that make it painfully obvious that they are knock-offs, then you probably will not make a lot of money. Replicas need to be made so that they are practically identical to the real thing. Well-made replicas make it impossible to tell the difference between a real thing and a knock-off unless you examine the actual materials of the item up close. If your replicas are almost identical to the real thing, then you could make good money from investing in the replica industry.

However, it is illegal to use a companys trademarked brand name. It is also illegal to use a watchs design. Both these traits are copyrighted to the watchs original manufacturer. It is estimated that the replica industry causes a one to three billion dollar loss per year to the real manufacturers. The majority of replica items are made in China. Some are made with some precious metals and materials (like gold and leather) and these are known as high-end replica. Others are not made with any precious materials and are known as low-end replica. Sometimes the replica are cheaper than the brand name by a very significant amount, and sometimes replica are only cheaper than the brand name by a little bit. The latter is the one that is usually marketed (falsely) as the real deal.

Those who are successful in the replica industry must be very fashion-savvy and must have a good understanding of the fashion-industrys constantly evolving trends. The whole point of replicas is so that the individual can be a part of the most recent fashion styles. No one wants a replica of last seasons fashions, or last years it item. They also need access to the real products in order to be able to fashion something very similar to it. It is hard to make a copy of a product simply by looking at its pictures. High-end replica makers usually have the brand name product and mimic it very carefully and thoroughly.

The replica industry is a multi-billion dollar a year industry. It is illegal in some countries, but completely legitimate in others. Most people will avoid breaking their local laws by purchasing their replica items online. Since there are no copyright laws in other countries, purchasing from them is technically legal.

04.2
14

Indian Wine Industry Forecast to 2012

by como ·

India has emerged as one of the fastest growing markets for wine on the global map. Despite the country’s vast population of over 1.1 Billion, the consumption of wine remains extremely low. The per capita consumption of wine in the country was estimated at around 9 Milliliters in 2008, indicating huge potential for growth in the coming years.

Various factors such as favorable government policies, increasing disposable income, amplified wine marketing and influence of western culture are helping to drive India’s wine consumption. According to our latest research report, -Indian Wine Industry Forecast to 2012-, wine consumption in India is expected to grow by 25-30% annually between 2009 and 2012.

We have found that various policies by the state level governments are encouraging domestic wine producers to set up their own wineries in the country, giving a boost to the domestic industry. Efforts by the Maharashtra and Karnataka governments remain far-fetched in this regard. However, such measures have raised concerns to WTO which states that India is adopting protectionist policies for its domestic wine industry meanwhile curbing growth of imports.

While local players are including affordable imported wines in their portfolios to attract new consumers, foreign firms are trying hard to expand in the market owing to high rate of tax levied. Our research indicates that the premium wine segment in the country is dominated by imported wines. This is because domestic wines are still unable to demand a high price, largely because of low brand awareness and lack of quality taste. Meanwhile, total consumption is dominated by domestically-produced cheap wine.

-Indian Wine Industry Forecast to 2012- provides extensive research and rational analysis on the wine market in India. Our research gives deep insight into India’s wine consumption in terms of domestically-produced and imported wines, price structure, sales by location, type of wine consumed and a possible regional segmentation. Our research also highlights the market trends and developments that are expected to play key role in the growth of Indian wine market over the forecast period. Besides this, the report provides thorough analysis on the wine production, wine exports and wine imports of the country.

For FREE SAMPLE of this report visit: http://www.rncos.com/Report/IM225.htm

Check DISCOUNTED REPORTS on: http://www.rncos.com

About RNCOS:

RNCOS, incorporated in the year 2002, is an industry research firm. We are a team of industry experts who analyze data collected from credible sources. We provide industry insights and analysis that helps corporations to take timely and accurate business decision in today’s globally competitive environment.

03.20
14

Realistic Expectations for the Debt Settlement Industry

by como ·

Lets face it, the debt settlement industry has a really bad reputation, but I dont think that everything can be blamed specifically on the settlement companies. I will admit that there are some companies that do in fact take advantage of clients. However, there are a number of credible companies that do show good results. In fact, I have noticed that a majority of clients complaints actually stem from their own unrealistic expectations for debt settlement. Here are a few examples of common misconceptions that might help you have a more sensible grasp on the capabilities and limits of the debt settlement industry.

The biggest problem I see in the industry for clients is that as a result of their desperation, they are often times extremely gullible and dont use simple common sense when choosing a debt settlement company. Clients want to believe that they will only have to pay pennies on the dollar of their debt and that credit companies will never opt to sue them.WRONG. At this moment, a quality debt settlement company can normally negotiate a debt between 40-60%. Can you pay moreYes. Can you pay lessYes. No company is ever going to brag about the client who could not save money, was sued, and as a result had to come up with 80% of the debt. Instead, they are going to boast about the client who only had to pay 20% of his or her debt. Both examples are true, but they are nevertheless extremes. The most logical estimate that you can count on for a settlement is between 40-60% of your debt. Anyone who tells you that they can guarantee anything is lying. Hang up and dont talk to that company again!

The debt settlement industry is also known as debt negotiation. Negotiations take place between two parties, and thus you can NEVER guarantee that the other side will agree to the exact terms that you are offering.

Secondly, you CAN be sued if you are in a debt settlement program. Anyone who says that you cant is lying. Hang up and dont talk to that company again. While it does take quite some time for legal procedure to begin and it is true that companies would prefer not to have to resort to legal matters, they nevertheless will sue you. Remember, you owe them money, and they want it. Fortunately you do have time before any legal matters are going to take place. How much time? That it impossible to tell. It may be a year, it may be 4, 5, or never. Luckily, most clients whose accounts go to legal offices are able to avoid any legal action as long as they follow the rules of a good settlement program. The point is that a debt settlement program does not make you immune to normal collection processes.

I think that it is important to remember that those who need debt settlement services are often very desperate, and they need to take a step back to think logically about their decision. Like good Americans, they are looking for an easy, quick-fix solution to their financial dilemma. While debt settlement is a beneficial service that can indeed save consumers thousands of dollars in unsecured debts as well as relieving financial strain, it is in no way perfect, easy, stress-less process. Consumers perceive the debt settlement industry as the miracle solution to their problems, and, well, lets face it, its not. The inherent problem with these false hopes is that when clients come to grips with the reality, they often become frustrated and blame the industry. Just like in any service, settlement companies have their limitations.

In conclusion, if debt settlement is the right choice for you, make sure that you examine your options and that you have realistic expectations. This will make the process much easier and less stressful, and ultimately lead to better results for you.

02.24
14

How 3D Scanners are Used in the Precision Parts Industry

by como ·

The use of 3D scanners is widespread among companies that make a large range of precision parts. A 3D scanner is a highly accurate measuring device, making it perfect for jobs that have a low tolerance for error.

Specifically, 3D scanners use laser technology to sample or scan a surface. There are various ways these scanners can be utilized, with the main difference being the amount of power used. When the surface of a part or object has only to be digitized, a 3D scanner will be set for low power.

3D scanners allow technicians to uncover information about a scanned surface.
3D scanners are versatile and programmable, allowing technicians to perform a number of delicate precision measuring tasks.

Among various 3D scanners on the market are very high-accuracy instruments that perfectly measure a three-dimensional shape. This use of 3D scanners is common in the casting and sheet metal stamping industries. Another type of 3D scanner is used when its necessary to measure three-dimensional shapes of plastic parts, press-formed parts and cast parts.

There are 3D scanners that use a technology known as laser beam light-sectioning. Here, technicians scan parts and other work pieces with a slit beam. A CCD (charge-coupled device) camera collects the light that is reflected from the part, then distance information is created from the 3D data by a process called triangulation. This gathering of information would be impossible without 3D scanners.

A use for high-precision 3D scanners includes dimensional measurement of dies, forging, sheet metal, casting and the production of molded plastic parts. In the precision parts industry, workers typically are engaged in making work pieces that must adhere to strict manufacturing guidelines. 3D scanners give them the required accuracy.

Adherence to exacting guidelines is critical, because parts and pieces that are off-spec can cause injury or worse to those who end up using them. A 3D scanner uses advanced technology to tell the devices operators much important data about the piece being worked on and assures that the piece will be finished correctly.

To sum up, high-accuracy, portable 3D scanners are ideal technology for any precision work that calls for dimensional analysis, reverse engineering and industrial design. 3D scanners are also excellent research and development tools.

02.11
14

The Importance Of Mastercam Software In The Manufacturing Industry

by como ·

Mastercam software is one of the most important breakthroughs in manufacturing technology. Together with CAD software, they are collectively referred to as CAD/CAM. CAD/CAM is an acronym that stands for Computer Aided Design and Computer Aided Manufacture. With these special programs, engineers, architects and designers can use computers to design products and structures with relative ease. Using Mastercam software, engineers and machinists can use the digital information created using CAD software to manufacture products and parts accurately in a timely manner.

The first CAD/CAM software was introduced back in the year 1983 and the technology has steadily been improving since then. Professionals from different industries can use these programs to create modern conveniences like machines and structures that make our way of life possible. The industries that benefit from these tools include the construction industry, the manufacturing industry, the engineering industry, the architectural industry and many others. Computer Aided Design software allows designers to create and design virtual blueprints of parts on a computer. These virtual blueprints contain important data like measurements and dimensions. On the other hand, Computer Aided

Manufacturing software like Mastercam software allows machinist to implement the virtual blueprints created using Computer Aided Design software during the manufacturing process. Computer controlled machines use the data from these blueprints to accurately manufacture parts that conform to the data from the CAD files. If you want to pursue a career in the modern manufacturing industry, then you will have to undergo Mastercam training. Only then will you be eligible to work with the expensive and complex machines that produce the things that make our way of life possible.

While there are many examples of CAD/CAM software out in the market today, Mastercam software is arguably the industry standard. This is partially because this software was created by one of the oldest and most trusted players in the development of CAD/CAM software. Mastercam software uses a large array of predefined toolpaths that can control processes like advanced multiaxis, surface high speed, engraving, peel mill, face, pocketing, drill and contour. This software was also designed from the ground up for use by engineers and machinists. Aside from the predefined toolpaths, machinists and engineers can also create their own toolpaths. This software is extremely versatile and an able professional who has undergone proper Mastercam training can accomplish a lot with it.

Aside from the features stated above, Mastercam software is also compatible with many third party applications that can be used to further extend its capabilities. These third party applications are referred to as C-hook and they may be used to create customized machine specifications for use in special situations.

In the world we live in, computers are playing a more important role. These days, we use computers for almost any task you can think of and the manufacturing industry is no exception. Mastercam software allows companies to manufacture products and parts at higher speeds and greater efficiency while maintaining high levels of quality, uniformity and consistency. Without CAD/CAM software, engineers and other professionals would be hard pressed to meet the growing demands of our increasingly technology-dependent society.

01.30
14

Fed Shutdown Forces Ceasefire in Organic War USDA Louisville Meeting Canceled

by como ·

October 11, 2013 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Mark Kastel, 608-625-2042

Federal Shutdown Forces Ceasefire in Organic War USDA Organics Meeting Canceled in Louisville

Organic Advocates Railing Against Industry/Obama Administration Power Grab

http://www.cornucopia.org/2013/10/fed-shutdown-forces-cease-fire-organic-war-usda-louisville-meeting-canceled/ CORNUCOPIA, WI: As collateral damage spreads, with Congress continuing at loggerheads over a Continuing Resolution to fund the federal government, the newest victims include farmers and consumers who depend on the USDA to oversee the propriety and integrity of the organic industry.

In a unique regulatory structure, Congress created the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB)(http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ams.fetchTemplateData.do?template=TemplateQ&navID=NationalOrganicProgram&leftNav=NationalOrganicProgram&page=NOSBHome&description=NOSB&acct=nosb) to advise the USDA Secretary on policies impacting the organic industry and to specifically oversee and carefully review for approval any synthetic and non-organic material and ingredient used in organic farming and food production. Additionally, the NOSB reviews the approved substances that “sunset,” as the law governing organics requires that the materials be reevaluated every five years.

Now, the semiannual NOSB meeting, scheduled for the week of October 21, in Louisville, Kentucky, has been canceled. An e-mail distributed October 1 by Miles McEvoy for the National Organic Program, stated the meeting would be cancelled if a budget was not put in place by Thursday, October 10 at 5 p.m. EST.

“Progress in managing the organic industry, enforcement and oversight have all come to a screeching halt with the gridlock in Washington,” stated Mark A. Kastel, Senior Farm Policy Analyst for the Wisconsin-based Cornucopia Institute (http://www.cornucopia.org/).

The organic industry has been engaged in their own battle, pitting agribusiness interests and their lobby group, the Organic Trade Association (http://www.ota.com/index.html), in frequent conflict with public interest groups representing the farmers, consumers, environmentalists and co-op retailers who helped build what is now a vibrant $30 billion industry.

The latest dustup concerns a power grab by the USDA that arbitrarily changes the rules for approval of synthetic and non-organic materials used in organics. When Congress passed the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, it created a diverse 15-member NOSB with a minority of corporate agribusiness representatives. And in an attempt to push the oversight of the industry towards consensus, the regulations require a two-thirds majority for “decisive” votes like reapproving a synthetic material for use in organics after it sunsets.

“The USDA has now turned the entire sunset process on its head,” said Barry Flamm, former NOSB chairman and chair of the policy development subcommittee for four years. “The Board’s Policy and Procedures Manual, revised over the past few years, requires a vigorous sunset review which is beginning to show in the decisions. The USDA’s National Organic Program’s (NOP) recent action disregards the Board’s policies and the Organic Act. Importantly, instead of needing a super-majority of the Board every five years to continue using a synthetic in organics, the NOP has, without the legally required consultation with the NOSB, published an edict in the Federal Register (http://69.175.53.6/register/2013/Sep/16/2013-22439.pdf) requiring a two-thirds vote to instead remove a material,” Flamm explained.

Another highly respected former NOSB chairman, James Riddle, commented on the unilateral switch in policy by the USDA’s National Organic Program. “The use of synthetic substances in organic production and processing is an exception, not an entitlement,” Riddle said. “There must be an affirmative decisive vote of the NOSB for substances on the National List to be renewed. Without affirmative decisive votes of the NOSB, substances sunset after five years.”

In 2012, The Cornucopia Institute published a report entitled The Organic Watergate (http://www.cornucopia.org/2012/05/the-organic-watergate-advocates-condemn-corruption-and-usdas-cozy-relationship-with-corporate-agribusinesses-in-organics-2/), profiling what it called a corrupt relationship between giant agribusinesses that had invested in organics and USDA officials. The report exposed the existence of biased technical reviews of synthetic materials considered by the NOSB and the stacking of the Board with agribusiness executives in seats that Congress reserved for farmers, scientists and other independent stakeholders.

“We focused sunlight on the fraud and deception in the process. The result was a turnaround in the NOSB, which has acted more judiciously in preventing some synthetics from entering the organic production stream,” said Mark Kastel, Cornucopia’s Codirector.

Since the release of that report, the NOSB has denied petitions for several synthetic preservatives proposed for use in infant formula, rejected unnecessary additives like sugar beet fiber (likely made from GMOs), and voted to discontinue the use of tetracycline, an antibiotic used to control fireblight on apples and pears, because of concerns regarding human health and environmental impact.

“The OTA and its members (WhiteWave, Kellogg’s, Smuckers, Safeway, etc.) have seemingly lost control with the process at the National Organic Standards Board,” observed Cornucopia’s Kastel.

“In response it appears that the USDA is changing the rules of the game making it virtually impossible to remove synthetics from use in organics,” added Flamm.

In a blog posting (http://organicmattersblog.com/2013/10/01/stop-the-lies-and-get-behind-your-national-organic-program/) Melody Meyer, the newly elected board chair of the OTA and the Vice President of Policy and Industry Relations for United Natural Foods, Inc. (UNFI), had a decisively different take on the USDA’s announced sunset changes. She called for supporting the “gusto and vigor the program [NOP] delivers to our growing industry” while simultaneously describing the concerns by public interest groups as “lies” and “bogus.”

In addition to The Cornucopia Institute’s concerns about the USDA power grab, the reaction from some of the most prominent public interest representatives in the organic arena has been swift in universally condemning the procedural changes at the NOSB.

The Organic Consumers Association is circulating an electronic petition that now has over 11,000 virtual signatures condemning the USDA power grab. Other noted organic advocates, including Consumers Union, Food and Water Watch, Beyond Pesticides, and Center for Food Safety have issued statements challenging the reversal in organic governance.

“The USDA might have received a temporary reprieve with the cancellation of the NOSB meeting this month in Louisville, but the stakeholders who truly care about the integrity of the organic label, and the principles it was founded upon, are not going away,” affirmed Kevin Engelbert, a certified organic dairy farmer from New York and another former NOSB member.

Since the release of the Organic Watergate report, the USDA has also taken away the right of the NOSB to review conflicts of interest from Board members and technical advisors with corporate entanglements. The USDA has refused to follow NOSB annotations, or stipulations, governing the use of synthetic materials such as not allowing the additive carrageenan to be used in organic infant formula (well documented in independent research to be injurious to health and banned by other worldwide regulatory bodies). The Cornucopia Institute has also criticized the USDA for siding with corporate interests on enforcement actions. When it was learned that giant factory farms were confining chickens, sometimes 100,000 to a building, and not affording them “access to the outdoors” as required by organic law, the USDA sanctioned a loophole allowing the use of tiny porches, only holding a small percentage of birds, as a legal substitute for outside access.

“The institutional bias at the USDA, in favor of biotechnology and industrial-scale agriculture, needs to stop at its National Organic Program,” said Flamm, the former NOSB chairman. “It should not take a court challenge to have political appointees and civil servants uphold the statute passed by Congress to protect farmers, ethical business participants, and consumers, engaged in organic commerce.”

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The Cornucopia Institute is a nonprofit organization engaged in research and educational activities supporting the ecological principles and economic wisdom underlying sustainable and organic agriculture. Through research and investigations on agricultural and food issues, The Cornucopia Institute provides needed information to family farmers, consumers, stakeholders involved in the good food movement, and the media.

01.18
14

Organic Industry Watchdog FDA Food Safety Rules Threaten to Crush the Good Food Movement

by como ·

September 19, 2013 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Mark Kastel, 608-625-2042

Organic Industry Watchdog: FDA Food Safety Rules Threaten to Crush the Good Food Movement

New Report Suggests Proposed Rules Could Drive the Nation’s Safest and Best Farmers Out of Business

http://www.cornucopia.org/2013/09/fda-food-safety-rules-threaten-crush-good-food-movement/ CORNUCOPIA, WI: After years of deliberation in Congress, interagency meetings, lobbyist activity, and a never-ending stream of food poisoning outbreaks, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is finally poised to implement the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).

However, according to a just released white paper by The Cornucopia Institute at http://www.cornucopia.org/FoodSafety/, the FDA’s draft rules are so off the mark that they might economically crush the country’s safest farmers while ignoring the root threats to human health: manure contaminated with deadly infectious pathogens generated on “factory” livestock farms and high-risk produce-processing practices.

-In response to deadly outbreaks involving spinach, peanut butter and eggs, Congress acted decisively three years ago to pass the Food Safety Modernization Act,” said Mark A. Kastel, Codirector at The Cornucopia Institute, a farm policy research group based in Wisconsin. “Better oversight is needed but it looks like regulators and corporate agribusiness lobbyists are simultaneously using the FSMA to crush competition from the organic and local farming movement.”

Cornucopia’s report closely examines the FDA’s draft regulations (http://www.fda.gov/Food/guidanceregulation/FSMA/ucm334114.htm) for implementing the new food safety law, and a new FDA guidance (http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Eggs/ucm360028) designed to control Salmonella in eggs produced by outdoor flocks. The report concludes that the new proposals would ensnare some of the country’s safest family farmers in costly and burdensome regulations in a misdirected attempt to rein in abuses that are mostly emanating from industrial-scale farms and giant agribusiness food-processing facilities.

Family farm advocates, and groups representing consumers interested in high-quality food, thought they had won a victory when the Tester/Hagan amendment was adopted by Congress exempting farmers doing less than $500,000 in business from the new rules. But Cornucopia’s report suggests the FDA seems more interested in a “one-size-fits-all” approach to food safety regulation.

In reality, the report suggests that small farms are not really exempt. The FDA is proposing that the agency can, without any due process, almost immediately force small farms to comply with the same expensive testing and record-keeping requirements as factory farms.

“In practical terms,” explains Judith McGeary, a member of The Cornucopia Institute’s policy advisory panel and Executive Director of the Farm and Ranch Freedom Alliance, “the FDA will be able to target small farms one-by-one and put them out of business, with little to no recourse for the farmers.”

The FDA’s economic analysis also shows that farms over $500,000 (still small in the produce industry) will be significantly impacted with some being driven out of business.

“The added expense and record-keeping time will potentially force many small and medium-sized local farms – owner-operated, selling at farmers markets directly to consumers or to local grocers and natural food co-ops – out of business,” Kastel added.

The Institute’s analysis points out that the FDA has wildly inflated the number of foodborne illnesses that originate from farm production (seed to harvest rather than contamination that occurs later in processing and distribution).

It also alleges that the FDA has failed to recognize that specific processed crops such as fresh-cut, or produce grown in certain regions are the genesis of 90% of dangerous outbreaks in fruits and vegetables. In addition to imports from countries like Mexico, where the most recent Taylor Farms Cyclospora outbreak (http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/30/business/taylor-farms-big-food-supplier-grapples-with-frequent-recalls.html?_r=0) originated, the evidence indicates that fresh-cut bagged/boxed salad mix and greens, other pre-cut vegetables and sprouts are much more prone to contamination.

“The proposed rule is a mess,” said Daniel Cohen, owner of Maccabee Seed Company, a longtime industry observer. “The FDA has much greater expertise on food safety issues from harvest to the consumer, but focused instead on farming issues from planting to harvest. Limited, modest, and more focused steps to improve on-farm food-safety could have produced simple, affordable, effective, and enforceable regulation.”

According to Cornucopia, the most important lost opportunity in the collaborative process between Congress, the FDA and the USDA is the lack of attention directed at the giant concentrated animal feeding operations, or CAFOs (factory farms) raising livestock. The massive amount of manure stored at these factory farms is commonly tainted by highly infectious bacteria that have been polluting America’s air, water and farmlands.

“Federal regulators propose nothing to address sick livestock in animal factories and their pathogen-laden manure that is contaminating surrounding rural communities, nearby produce farms and our food supply,” Kastel lamented.

No More Organic Eggs?

The 2010 salmonella outbreak in eggs, centered in Iowa, shone a spotlight on industrial-scale egg houses confining thousands of hens in filthy and dangerous conditions.

The salmonella outbreak led to comprehensive regulation and new guidance for organic farmers. Organic farmers are required by federal law to provide outdoor access to their hens and the new FDA guidance, according to Cornucopia, materially undermines this management practice. And they are doing this despite scientific evidence tying higher rates of pathogenic contamination to older, massive factory farms with cages and forced molting (practices banned in organics) rather than raising birds outside.

“Their new guidance, on one hand, will make it difficult, expensive and maybe even impossible to have medium-sized flocks of birds outside,” Kastel stated. “At the same time, the FDA has colluded with the USDA’s National Organic Program to say that tiny ‘porches’, which hold only a minute fraction of the flock, will now legally constitute ‘outdoor access.’ This is a giveaway to conventional egg companies that are confining as many as 100,000 birds in a building and calling these ‘organic.'”

The Cornucopia Institute has publicly stated that they are investigating legal action against regulators if enforcement action is not taken, under the Organic Foods Production Act (http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC50603700), against the large industrial operations confining laying hens and broilers indoors.

The issue of food safety in Washington has been a contentious one, causing rifts even between nonprofits representing the interest of consumers and family farm organizations that have been historically aligned in support of organic and local food. Some consumer advocates pressed for no exemptions, even as farm policy experts have supplied evidence indicating smaller, family-operated farms are inherently safer.

“Only an idiot would not be concerned with food safety,” said Tom Willey, a Madera, California, organic vegetable producer and longtime organic advocate.

Added Willey: “The antibiotic resistant and increasingly virulent organisms contaminating produce, from time to time, are mutant creatures introduced into the larger environment from confined industrial animal operations across the American countryside. The FDA’s misguided approach could derail achievements in biological agriculture and a greater promise of food made safe through respect for and cooperation with the microbial community which owns and operates this planet upon which we are merely guests.”

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The Cornucopia Institute is a nonprofit organization engaged in research and educational activities supporting the ecological principles and economic wisdom underlying sustainable and organic agriculture. Through research and investigations on agricultural and food issues, The Cornucopia Institute provides needed information to family farmers, consumers, stakeholders involved in the good food movement, and the media.

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An Overview Of The Heavy Machinery Industry

by como ·

The present day market is a highly competitive one and therefore companies need to devise new and innovative business strategies in order to continue making profits and to substantially increase their market share. For this reason, companies have now begun to shift their business focus from creating tangible products to developing a whole range of comprehensive products along with service designs. This explains the increasing importance of innovative services and this has become apparent over the years. However, little has been done for the management of these services. Heavy equipments are ones that are used mainly in the construction and manufacturing industry. These colossal equipments are difficult to transport, are capital intensive and have a long life cycle of use. This heavy industry machinery is extensively utilised by diverse industries including forestry, transportation, agriculture and construction.

These industries call for substantial investments in heavy equipments and thus getting a proper ROA or return on assets is necessary. Capital velocity is highly important in this respect. It is necessary to make provisions for such innovative services in order to ensure high level of performance and asset availability within a limit budget. Heavy equipments are usually customised and thus are difficult to manage and maintain. These equipments can be divided into different categories such as mining equipment and construction equipment. A working face, shovel, stacker and dumper is used for open pit mines whereas a drill, underground loaders and rigs are used for underground mines. Construction equipments comprise a long list including trenching equipment, piles driving equipment, wagon and trucks, excavating equipments such as clamshells, power shovels, hoes and cranes; draglines, scrapers and tractors.

There are different types of heavy equipment that are used for similar purposes and thus it would be difficult to make a generic classification. There are a number of factors that are taken into consideration while classifying these equipments and these include service facility, operating environment, revenue generation, core competency, life expectancy, service skills, subsystem, cost and weight.

Stakeholders play a crucial role in adding value to the customer through the supply chain. The list includes profiles such as that of manufacturers, service providers, designers, governments, contractors and suppliers.

Companies that use heavy equipment and heavy lifting services will obviously need the help of high investment in order to achieve an equally high ROA. Asset management is important in this respect. It is a proper and systematic approach adopted towards the maintenance and the upgrade of assets. Asset management comprises the activities and processes that are necessary for minimising the investment, maximising the commercial return, manage risks and optimise the strategic value. Asset management also includes every function right from operations to procurement, from engineering to maintenance. The latter is considered to be an integral function of asset management.

The business strategies implemented in the industry are a bit different from the other industries. It is a bit difficult for the heavy equipment industry to garner profits and improve their market position in the long run. Service development can increase the opportunities to a great extent thereby making more room for marketing opportunities.